"Hear the deep sound from the North

  Baldur's fold in childhood's day;

  The war-trumpet, Heimdall's horn,

  At Bragi's silver-harps play!

  Hear the lullaby that Norn's

  Once sang for the nation's ear

  And a Nordic youth's spirit

  Still delights to hear!"


—Quoted in 'Our Fathers' Godsaga'



Viktor Rydberg



The Complete

 Mythological Works 




Undersökningar i

germanisk mythology I


Investigations into
Germanic Mythology
Vol. 1
A New Annotated Translation

by William P. Reaves


Fädernas gudasaga
Our Fathers’ Godsaga
The 3rd and Final Epic



Undersökningar i

germanisk mythology II


Investigations into Germanic Mythology Vol. 2



Teutonic Mythology

The first English translation of

Vol. 1 by Rasmus B. Anderson


Republished as

Teutonic Mythology:

Gods and Goddesses

of the Northland


Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3





Mythological Works



Sibyllinerna och Völuspa

Astrologien och Merlin


Sagan om Svårdet
The Saga of  the Sword
The 1st Epic

A new translation
In Progress
William P. Reaves
Chapters 1-9




The Sword of Victory

The 2nd Epic

 A New Translation
by William P. Reaves




Writings on Runes


Till Tolkningen af Nordens

äldsta runinskrifter


'Towards the interpretation of the North's oldest runic inscriptions'

in Svenska Fornminnesföreningens
Tidskrift 2, pp. 234-246.



Om Tanumstenen


'On the Tanum Runestone'



Hjältesagan om Rökstenen


The Heroic Saga on

the Rök Stone 
A Translation by William P. Reaves



© 2010 All Rights Reserved


Viktor Rydberg's
Investigations into Germanic Mythology
Undersökningar i Germanisk Mytologi


Heimdall the Culture-Bringer
    Opened in 1907, the assembly hall of the University of Goteborg is adorned with a monumental fresco by Nils Asplund (1874-1958). In it, the god Heimdall blesses man with the tools of culture and agriculture. Above his throne, engraved with Eddic verse, the ash Yggdrasill rises.  The scene is derived from the mythological works of Swedish poet and polymath Viktor Rydberg (1828-1895).    
   To view a short film of the interior of the hall containing this amazing fresco, click here.
Viktor's Site
His Life, His Books, His Face
by Tore Lund
Viktor Rydberg
"I feel a certain tranquility when I now see that the results of these investigations worked on over many years were not for nothing, but are condensed into a book that on library shelves will be accessible to future researchers in the field. As far as my Scandinavian contemporaries are concerned, being that they are the 'professionals' in the field, I expect no recognition from them. If I get any recognition at all, it shall make me happier still. But of prime importance is that my work be published in one of these three languages: English, German, or French."

Mats Wendt's Eddan

The Viktor Rydberg Society

Over a Century of Scholarship
about Viktor Rydberg and his work

Dispelling Disinformation
about Viktor Rydberg and his work

Rydberg's Reconstruction of Old Norse Cosmology
derived from the Poetic Edda

What makes Viktor Rydberg's interpretation of
Germanic mythology unique is twofold:

1. Using passages from the Eddic poems, Rydberg shows that the genuine heathen conception of the cosmos places  Yggdrasill's three roots in the underworld, and its branches in the heavens. The underworld consists of a warm green land called Hel in the south, and a cold dismal realm called Niflhel in the north. The Bifröst bridge connects the underworld with Asgard, passing outside of the rim of the Midgard plane, as in the map above.

2. He demonstrates that the events spoken of in the Icelandic mythological poems are linked together in an epic chain of events arranged in chronological order from the creation of the world through to Ragnarok. The mythology is in effect, a history of the gods and their interactions with man. This ancient epic originated in Proto Indo-European times and afterwards developed independently in the Germanic region until the conversion to Christianity.