Germanic Mythology

Texts, Translations, ScholarshipTM


RESOURCES FOR RESEARCHERS
THE NINE WORLDS OF NORSE MYTHOLOGY
THE EDDAS
The Poetic Edda & The Prose Edda
Eddic Manuscripts / Manuscripts of Snorra Edda
Translations into English / Individual Eddic Poems
THE SAGAS
Icelandic Sagas and Thættir
Fornaldarsögur & Riddarasögur
Landnámabók
Retellings & Illustration Galleries
Skaldic Poetry, Folklore and Ballads
Old English, German, Scandinavian
Chronicles and Histories
Saxo Grammaticus, King's Chronicles
The Holy Bible
Reference Works
Dictionaries of Old Norse & Germanic Languages 
Evidence of Early Astronomy
Archaeological Sites & Rune Studies
Scholarship
A Historical Survey of Old Norse Scholarship
Viktor Rydberg
The Life and Works of the Swedish Polymath
Indo-European Studies
Language, Culture and Religion
Original Works
by William P. Reaves & Siegfried Goodfellow

Web Resources, The Heathen Hoard
Search the site, click on the categories below, or simply scroll down
This SiteWeb
 
 
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THE EDDAS

THE PROSE or YOUNGER EDDA

OLD ICELANDIC TEXTS

1665  Edda, Islandorum
an. Chr. 1215 islandice conscripta

1818  Rasmus Rask Snorra Edda

Edda Snorra Sturlusonar
1848 Volume 1
1852 Volume 2
1880 Volume 3
1880-1887 Volume 3

1900 Finnur Jónsson

Snorri Sturluson Edda
 
1998 Anthony Faulkes, editor
 
Prologue and Gylfaginning
Skáldskaparmál:
1:
Introduction, Text and Notes
2:
Glossary and Index of Names

Snorra-Edda: Formáli & Gylfaginning
A comparative version containing all manuscripts 

2007 Anthony Faulkes, editor
Háttatal 2nd Edition
 
Þulur: Lists of Names

1954 Guðni Jónsson
Snorra Eddu


ENGLISH TRANSLATIONS
of the PROSE EDDA

 
  1842 George Webbe Dasent
The Prose or Younger Edda

1879 Rasmus Anderson
The Younger Edda
containing the extended
I. Prologue from Codex Wormianus

II. Gylfaginninng
III. Selections from
Skáldskaparmál

1906 I.A. Blackwell
The Younger Eddas of Snorre Sturleson

1916 Arthur Gilchrist Brodeur
The Prose Edda by Snorri Sturluson
[Facing Text Translation]
I. Prologue and Gylfaginning
II. Skáldskaparmál

2011 Anthony Faulkes
Snorra Edda: The Uppsala Manuscript
Old Norse Text with Facing English Translation

    
 
THE POETIC or ELDER EDDA

MANUSCRIPTS


Codex Regius no. 2365 (Facsimile Edition)
The Primary Manuscript of the Eddic Poems
Finnur Jónsson's text

AM I no. 748 (Facsimile Edition)
Seven additional Eddic poems   
Finnur Jónsson's text

Hauksbók
Contains an alternate version of Völuspá
 

OLD ICELANDIC TEXTS

1787 Edda Saemundar hinns fróda
Arnemagnean Edition
Volume 1 1787
Volume 2 1818
Volume 3 1828

1814 Frederich Heinrich von der Hagen

Die Edda-Lieder und die Niebelungen



1860 Theodor Möbius
Edda Sæmundar hins fróða


1867 Sophus Bugge
 Norrœn Fornkvæði:

Sæmundar Edda hins fróða
I. Excursus on Grógaldr and Fjölsvinnsmál
II. Against the authenticity of Hrafnagaldur Óðins

1868 Svend Grundtvig
Sæmundar Edda híns fróða: Den Ældre Edda

1876 Karl Hildebrand
Die Lieder der Ältern Edda


1888 Finnur Jónsson, E. Mögk
Eddalieder Vol. I.


1901 Barend Sijmons and Hugo Gering
Die Lieder der Edda
Volume 1, Part 1
Mythological Poems
Volume 1, Part 2 Heroic Poems

1903 Wilhelm Ranisch

Eddalieder: mit Grammatik, Übersetzung und Erläuterungen

 

1903 F. Detter and R. Heinzel
Sæmundar Edda
Vols. 1-2

1932 Finnur Jónsson
Die Gamle Eddadigte

1956 Guðni Jónsson
Eddukvæði  (Eddic Poems)

1983 Gustav Neckel

Die Lieder des Codex Regius


Historic Editions and Translations of
The Poetic Edda




 ENGLISH TRANSLATIONS
of the POETIC EDDA

 

The Earliest English Translations of Individual Poems of the Poetic Edda

1796
  Amos. S. Cottle
Icelandic Poetry, or The Edda of Saemund 

 
 1865-66 Benjamin Thorpe
The Edda of Saemund the Learned
Part I: The Mythological Poems
includes Hrafnagaldr Óðins

Part I: The Mythological Poems (e-texts)
Part II: The Heroic Poems
***  
Reissued abridged and rearranged by
The Norrœna Society in 1906 as

The Elder Edda of Saemund Sigfusson
by Benjamin Thorpe
and the
Younger Edda of Snorre Sturluson
by I.A. Blackwell
 
1883 Gudbrand Vigfusson
Corpus Poeticum Boreale
 Volume 1: Eddic Poetry

Volume 2: Court Poetry

 1908 Olive Bray
The Elder or Poetic Edda
Commonly known as Saemund's Edda
The Elder or Poetic Edda (multiple formats)

1923 Henry Adams Bellows
The Poetic Edda 

1919 Lee M. Hollander
"Concerning a Proposed Translation of the Edda"

1962 Lee M. Hollander
The Poetic Edda
 (Preview Only)
  
1989 Patricia Terry
Poems of the Elder Edda
Revised edition
    
1996 Carolyne Larrington
The Poetic Edda
  (Preview Only)
  
Carolyne Larrington
"Translating the Poetic Edda into English"


2011 Andy Orchard
The Elder Edda: A Book of Viking Lore
A Review by Haukur Þorgeirsson
    
    Translations of the Poetic Edda
in Languages other than English
 [French, German, Spanish, Danish and Swedish]
     

Individual Eddic Poems


Völuspá:

A Study Guide


Grímnismál:
A Study Guide


Þrymskviða:
A Study Guide

 
  Svipdagsmál:
Gróugaldr and Fjölsvinnsmál
A Study Guide

  
Hrafnagaldur Óðins
A Study Guide
The "Lost" Eddic Poem Reclaimed
with Texts, Translations and Scholarship


   

Baldrs Draumar
or
Vegtamskviða


Hymiskviða:
A Critical Edition
 

Sólarljóð:
The Song of the Sun


Gunnarsslagr:
An Apocryphal Eddic Poem

 
Commentaries

1986 David A. H. Evans
Hávamál 

2008 Clive Tolley
Grottasöngr
 

Skaldic Poetry   

ICELANDIC TEXTS

The Skaldic Project Database

1801 Thorlacius
Höstlangæ et Thorsdrapæ
[Haustlöng and Thorsdrapa]
   
1870 Theodor Wisén

Úrval af norrænum fornkvæðum
 handa hinum bókmennta-iðkendum



1893 Finnur Jónsson

Carmina Norroena

 
 
English Translations
of Skaldic Poetry

1763 Thomas Percy
Five Pieces of Runic Poetry

1867 Grímur Thomsen
On the Character of the Old Northern Poetry

 

North British Review, 46-47, p. 77
includes a full translation of Hákonarmál


1883 Gudbrand Vigfusson
Corpus Poeticum Boreale
 Volume 1: Eddic Poetry
Volume 2: Court Poetry

1922 Nora Chadwick
Anglo-Saxon and Norse Poems

1936 Lee Milton Hollander
 
Old Norse Poems:
The Most Important Non-Skaldic Verse
 
Þórsdrápa/Thorsdrapa
A Critical Edition

2006 Edel Porter
Skaldic Poetry: Making the World Fantastic
13th International Saga Conference
 

 
CREATIVE MYTHOLOGY


Popular Retellings of Norse Myths
& Classic Illustration Galleries
  
The Largest Gallery of Norse
Mythological-Themed Artwork Online



Heimdall and Hnossa
by Willie Pogány

 

Norse Inspired Art

Images of Old Norse Gods and Goddesses 


FOLKLORE, POETRY AND BALLADS

OLD ENGLISH   

Manuscripts in the Original Language
        The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
The Exeter Book
The Junius Manuscript
Judith and Beowulf
Old English 'Minor Poems'
The Vercelli Book 

  
Modern Translations

1835 John Kemble
The Anglo-Saxon Poems of Beowulf,
The Travellers Song and the Battle of Finnesburg

Text and Dictionary


1842 Benjamin Thorpe

Codex Exoniensis (The Exeter Book)
A Collection of Anglo-Saxon Poetry

1855 Benjamin Thorpe
The Anglo-Saxon Poems of
Beowulf
with Widsith and the Finnsburg Fragment

1860 George Stephens
Two Leaves of King Waldere's Lay

1885 James M. Garnett
Beowulf: An Anglo-Saxon Poem and
The Fight at Finnsburg


1907 William Henry Crawshaw

The Making of English Literature

 

1911 Albert S. Cook
A Concordance to Beowulf

1914 A. J. Wyatt & R. W. Chambers
Beowulf with the Finnsburg Fragment


1918 Cosette Faust & Sith Thompson
Old English Poems Translated
into the Original Meter

Contains a full translation of the Aecerbot pp. 38ff.

1921 Raymond Wilson Chambers
Beowulf: An Introduction to the Study of the Poem


1977 Howell D. Chickering

Beowulf: a Dual-Language Edition



2002 Benjamin Slade

Beowulf: Text with Facing Translation
Charm for a Sudden Stitch 

Deor: Text with Facing Translation
Waldere: Text with Facing Translation
Woden's Nine Herbs Charm
Widsith

2002 Alexander M. Bruce
Scyld and Scef: Expanding the Analogues
    
GERMAN

9th Century Muspilli
English Translation

10th century
The Merseburg Charms
Text and Translation

1418
Rosengarten zu Worms (Strassburg)


1472 Kaspar von der Roen
Dresdner Heldenbuch (Dresden)


1479 Johann Prüss
Heldenbuch (Strassburg)

1491
Heldenbuch (Ausburg)

1504-1516/17 Hans Ried
Ambraser Heldenbuch (Wien)
T
o see the mss., click on "Codex" about mid-page

1560
Das Heldenbuch (Frankfurt)


1768-1830
Fredrich David Gräter
Publisher of Bragur and
Idunna and Hermode


1814 Henry Weber
Illustrations of Northern Antiquitities
Abstract of the Book of Heroes and the Nibelungen Lay

1816 Karl Lachmann
Nibelungen Noth

1854 Karl Simrock
Bertha die Spinerinn


1857-58 Franz Xaver von Schönwerth
Aus der Oberpfalz
Sitten und Sagen
(in German)
Vol. I (Customs)
Vol. II   (Mythology)

   
1864 Emma Letherbrow
Gudrun: A Story of the North Sea

1892 Marion Dexter Learned

The Saga of Walther of Aquitaine


Deutsches Heldenbuch
Texts, Translations, Scholarship


1878 Eduard Sievers
Heliand (in Old Saxon)

1882 Otto Behaghel
The Old Saxon Heliand
The Old Saxon Heliand

1902 Otto Luitpold Jiriczek
Northern Hero Legends

1900 Daniel Bussier Shumway
The Nibelungenlied

2006 Kerby Lynn Boschee
Frau Holle: in the Märchen and Beyond
 
2004 Edward R. Haymes
"The Germanic Heldenlied and the Poetic Edda:
Speculations on Preliterary History"
Oral Tradition, Volume 19, Number 1

2007 Heidi Graw
King Rother: An English Translation
The earliest Spielmannepos (c. 1190 AD)

2009 Heidi Graw
Orendel
: An English Translation

Middle High German Spielmannspos (12th century)

2010 Cyril Edwards
The Nibelungenlied: The Lay of the Nibelungs


Frau Holle & Krumme Jakob:
A Bavarian Legend


   
SCANDINAVIAN

1834-1842 Adolf Iwar Arwidsson
Svenska Fornsånger

Svenska folkvisor från forntiden

edited by Erik Gustaf Geijer, Arvid August Afzelius
1848  Volume 1
1880 Volume 2 

1853 Benjamin Thorpe
Yule-Tide Stories

 Svend Grundtvig
Danmarks Gamle Folkeviser
1853 Volume I
1856 Volume II

(70. Ungen Svendal )

1862 Volume III
1883 Volume IV
1877-1890 Volume V


1867 Sophus Bugge
 Excursus on Gróugaldr and Fjölsvinnsmál
with English translations of portions of the ballad of Svendal
  

1923 George Borrow
The Songs of Scandinavia
and Other Poems and Ballads


1978 John Lindow
Swedish Legends and Folktales


Didriks Chronicle —Svava
Dietrich's Chronicle—Svava
Skokloster-Codex I
 115 & 116 quarto, E 9013, K 45, 4o
Text by Oscar Hyltén-Cavallius
English by Rolf Badenhausen



REFERENCE WORKS

        

The Germanic Lexicon Project

1845 James S. Ferrall & Þorleifur Guðmundsson Repp
A Danish-English Dictionary

Sveinbjörn Egilsson

Lexicon Poeticum
 
The editions of 1860,  1913-16,  & 1932

1874 Richard Cleasby & Gudbrand Vigfusson
An Icelandic-English Dictionary

1887 Hugo Gering
Glossar zu den Liedern der Edda


1903 Hugo Gering

Vollständiges Wörterbuch zu den Liedern der Edda


Complete Dictionary of the Poems of the Edda


1898 Joseph Bosworth & T. Northcote Toller
An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary (e-text)

An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary (Text Scan)
An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary (Text Scan)

1910 Geir T. Zöega
A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic (e-text)

A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic (Text Scan)


1916 John R. Clark Hall
A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary
 
 

SCHOLARSHIP

1770 Paul Henri Mallet
Northern Antiquities
Volume 1 1770
Volume 1 Reprinted 1809

1770 Joseph Banks
Letters on Iceland

1771 Peter Frederik Suhm
Odin og den hedniske gudelære
og gudstieneste udi Norden

19th Century Scholarship

1828 Finn Magnusson
The Edda Doctrine and Its Origin

 

Wilhelm Grimm, Die Deutsche Heldensage
1829 First Edition
1889 Third Edition

Jacob Grimm
Deutsche Mythologie

1835 edition
-or-
Jacob Grimm's
Teutonic Mythology

Translated by James Stalleybrass
Volume 1
Volume 2
Volume 3
Volume 4
  
1839 Grenville Pigott
A Manual of Scandinavaian Mythology

1847 George Bernard Depping & Francisque Michel
Wayland Smith: A Dissertation
on a Tradition of the Middle Ages
  

1851 Benjamin Thorpe

 Northern Mythology

1852 William & Mary Howitt
The Literature and Romance
of Northern Europe


1854 Rudolf Keyser
The Religion of the Northmen

1855 Wolfgang Menzel
Odin

1867 Friedrich Max Müller
Chips from a German Workshop, Vol. 2

 
1869 Jón A. Hjaltalín
Traces of Animal Worship
Among the Old Scandinavians

1873 James Mason

The Folk-Lore of British Plants

1876 George Browning

The Edda Songs and Sagas of Iceland

1877 M.B. Richert
Försök till belysning afmörkare
och oförstådda ställeni den poetiska eddan
['Attempt to illuminate the dark
and obscure passages in the Poetic Edda']

1877 Karl Blind
The Teutonic Tree of Existence
 
1878 George Stephens
Thunor the Thunderer
Carved on a Scandinavian Font of about the year 1000

 1880 DeRobingne Mortimer Bennett

1881 Llewellynn Jewitt
"A Few Words on the Fylfot Cross"

1883 Hans Hildebrand

Industrial Arts of Scandinavia in Pagan Times

1883 Joseph Anderson
Scotland in Pagan Times: The Iron Age


1883 George Stephens
Prof. S. Bugge's studies on
Northern mythology shortly examined 


1883 Ignatius Donnelly
Ragnarok: the Age of Fire and Gravel


1888 Eiríkr Magnússon
On Hávamál


1889 Julius Hoffery
Eddastudien

1889 Viktor Rydberg
Teutonic Mythology (Vol. 1 of 2)

1892 Abram Herbert Lewis
Paganism Surviving in Christianity

1895 Eiríkr Magnússon
Odin's Horse Yggdrasill

1896 Eiríkr Magnússon

Edda: Its Derivation and Meaning
cf. Anthony Faulkes, 'Edda'

1898 A.R. Skemp
"On Odin and Thor in Old Norse Poetry"

1898 Victor Nilsson
Loddfáfnismál: An Eddic Study

1899 Hjalmar Rued
Scandinavian Influence on English Literature

1899 Sophus Bugge
Home of the Eddic Poems

20th Century Scholarship

1900 H. Munro Chadwick
The Oak and the Thunder-God

1902 Pierre Daniel Chantepie de la Saussaye
The Religion of the Teutons
 
1903 Frank Edgar Farley
Scandinavian Influences in the
English Romantic Movement

1904 Sivert N. Hagen
The Origin and Meaning of the Name Yggdrasill


1904 Andrew Peter Fors
The Ethical World-Conception
of the Norse People

1904 Gilbert Goudie
The Celtic and Scandinavian
Antiquities of Shetland

1907 Hector Munro Chadwick
The Origin of the English Nation
 
1907 George Tobias Flom
A History of Scandinavian Studies
in American Universities



1913 Karl Mortensen
Handbook of Norse Mythology

1913 Bertha S. Phillpotts
"Germanic Heathenism"
in Cambridge Medieval History, Volume 2

1914 Adolf Burnett Benson
The Old Norse Element in Swedish Romanticism

1919 M. J. Rudwin
 

The Origin of the German Carnival Comedy



1920 Halldór Hermannson
Islandica Vol. XIII
Bibliography of the Eddas
 
1921 Rudolf Meissner
Die Kenningar der Skalden

1921 Henry Goddard Leach
Angevin Britain and Scandinavia

1942 Hilda Roderick Ellis (Davidson)
The Road to Hel

1970s Jere Fleck
Four by Fleck
Excerpts from Jere Fleck's influential articles
on Sacred Kingship and Odin's Self-Sacrifice


1974 Eleazar Meletinskij
Scandinavian Mythology
as a System of Oppositions


1974 Folke Ström
Níð, Ergi and Old Norse Moral Attitudes

1983 William Ian Miller
Choosing the Avenger -
Some Aspects of the Bloodfeud in Medieval Iceland and England

1985 Robert J. Glendinning, Haraldur Bessason editors
 
*Edda a Collection of Essays
 
1988 Hilda Ellis Davidson 
*Myths and Symbols in Pagan Europe
 Early  Scandinavian and Celtic Religions

1993 Phillip Pulsiano & Kirsten Wolf editors
*Medieval Scandinavia: An Encyclopedia

1994 Margaret Clunies Ross
excerpts from Prolonged Echoes:
Old Norse Myths in Medieval Northern Society
On Cosmology
On Mythic Time

1995 Terry Gunnell
*The Origins of Drama in Scandinavia

1997 Lotte Motz

The Germanic Thunder Weapon

 1999 Thomas Andrew DuBois
*Nordic Religions in the Viking Age

21st Century Scholarship

2000 John Stanley Martin
From Godan to Wotan:
An Examination of Two Langobardic Mythological Texts 

2000 John Lindow
Thor's Visit to Útgarðaloki


2001 John Lindow
The Nature of Mythic Time
excerpt from *Handbook of Norse Mythology

 
2001 Terry Gunnell
Hof, Halls, Goðar and Dwarves-
An Examination of the Ritual Space
in the Pagan Icelandic Hall

2002 Alexander M. Bruce
*Scyld & Scef: Expanding the Analogues


2002 Paul Acker & Carolyne Larrington, eds.
*The Poetic Edda: A Collection of Essays

2002 Peter Shenk
To Valhalla by Horseback?  
Horse Burial in Scandinavia during the Viking Age

2004 Brian Murdoch and Malcom Kevin Read, ed.
*Early Germanic Literature and Culture

2004 Heather O'Donoghue
*Old Norse-Icelandic Literature: A Short Introduction

2004 Maria Kvilhaug
The Maiden with the Mead
Masters Dissertation, University of Oslo


2005 John McKinnell
*Meeting the Other in Old Norse Myth and Legend

 2008 Susan E. Deskis and Thomas D. Hill editors
"Speak Useful Words or Say Nothing"
Old Norse Studies
by Joseph Harris

2008 Kirsten Wolf and Johanna Denzin, editors
Romance and Love in Late Medieval
and Early Modern Iceland

Essays in Honor of Marianne Kalinke

 
2011 Christopher Abram
*Myths of the Pagan North

2013 Paul Acker and Carolyne Larrington, eds.
*Revisiting the Poetic Edda

MODERN SCHOLARS
Biographies, Bibliographies, Contacts
 



COLLECTIONS & ARCHIVES

The Saga-Book
of the 
Viking Society
 
for Northern Research
Since 1894
[All Publications] [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20] [21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30] [31] [32] [33]
These are .pdf files & may take time to load

 
    The International Saga Conference
Archives
[11th Annual][12th Annual] [13th Annual]
[14th Annual][15th Annual]
  
Scandinavian Studies
The Journal of the Society for the Advancement
of Scandinavian Study since 1911


FornVännen (Ancient Friends)
Swedish Language Journal 1906-present


INDO-EUROPEAN STUDIES

The Journal of Indo-European Studies

Early Indo-European Online
at The University of Texas, Austin

INDO-EUROPEAN
ETYMOLOGICAL DICTIONARY


Indo-European Texts and Translations

1896 Ralph T. H. Griffith, translator
Hymns of the Rigveda

1896 Ralph T. H. Griffith, translator
The Hymns of the Rigveda,  2nd edition
[searchable e-text]
 
1905 William Dwight Whitney, Translator
Atharva-veda Samhita

First Half, Introduction, Books I-VII
Second Half, Books VII-XIX, Index

Avesta: The Zoroastrian Archives

GENERAL WORKS
prior to 1910

MODERN WORKS

Proceedings of the Annual UCLA
Indo-European Conference Archives

1963 Marija Gimbutas
The Balts

1973 Georges Dumézil
Gods of the Ancient Northmen (2)

*1988 Languages and Cultures:
Studies in Honor of Edgar C. Polomé *1997 J.P. Mallory and D. Q. Adams
Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture
2006 J.P Mallory and D.Q. Adams
The Oxford Introduction to Proto Indo-European
and the Proto-Indo-European World

*2009 Carlos Quiles & Fernando López-Menchero
A Grammar of Modern Indo-European

*2009 Benjamin Fortson
Indo-European Language and Culture:
An Introduction

*2009
Wendy Doniger
The Hindus
  

*2012 Emily Lyle
Ten Gods: A New Approach to Defining the
 Mythological Structures of the Indo-Europeans



*Indicates preview only
     
 

 

 Fornaldarsogur Nordrlanda: Texts, Translations, Scholarship

LANDNÁMABÓK

Finnur Jónsson
Ari Fróði's Landnámabók I-III

1898 Rev. T. Ellwood M.A.
The Book of the Settlement of Iceland
 

ICELANDIC SAGAS
AND THÆTTIR

   
Árni Magnússon
and the Great Fire of Copenhagen 1728

Árni Magnússon Institute
Manuscripts
of Eddas, Islendingar sögur, and Fornaldarsögur

Handrit.is
(Manuscripts of Sagas, Poetry and Rímur)

Heimskringla
Nordic Texts and Poems

SourceIndex
A Bibliographic Overview

Netútgáfan

Icelandic Sagas (in Old Icelandic)

Icelandic Thættir (in Old Icelandic)


Historic Saga Collections
and Commentaries 


1825-1837

Fornmanna Sögur
in 12 volumes

An Early Collection of Icelandic Sagas
INDEX



Cartography
5 maps from the Saga Translations
of William Morris and Eirikur Magnusson
 



ENGLISH TRANSLATIONS
of Icelandic Sagas and Thættir
     
Index of The Complete Sagas of the Icelanders

& more at Squirrel.com

1908
Halldór Hermannsson
Bibliography of the Icelandic Sagas and Minor Tales
Islandica Vol. I


Icelandic Saga Database
Icelandic Texts with
English, German and French Translations

1878 Gudbrand Vigfusson

Sturlunga Saga   
Vol. I
Vol. II

1891 Eiríkr Magnússon and William Morris
The Saga Library Volume I

The Story of the Banded Men (E-text)
Bandamanna saga
Bandamanna saga Ed. Hallvard Magerøy

1861 George Webbe Dasent
The Story of Burnt Njal
1900 (Abridged) The Story of Burnt Njal
 
Brennu-Njáls saga


1893 William Charles Green
The Story of Egil Skallagrimsson
Egils saga

Egils saga Ed. Bjarni Einarsson
Map of Borgarfjǫrðr



1880 John Sephton
Eirik the Red's Saga
Eiríks saga rauða

1892 Eiríkr Magnússon and William Morris
The Saga Library Volume II
 The Story of the Ere-Dwellers
 Eyrbyggja Saga

1869 Eiríkr Magnússon and William Morris
The Story of Grettir the Strong

1890 S. Baring-Gould
with illustrations by M. Zeno Diemer
Grettir the Outlaw: A Story of Iceland

1914 G.H. Hight


Grettir's saga 
Grettis saga
 
1866 George Webbe Dasent
with illustrations by C.E. St. John Mildmay
The Story of Gísli the Outlaw
Gísla saga Súrssonar

1901 Eiríkr Magnússon and William Morris 
The Saga of Gunnlaug Worm-Tongue
 Gunnlaugs saga ormstungu

 The Saga of Gunnlaug Serpent-Tongue Ed. R. Quirk


1891 Eiríkr Magnússon and William Morris 
The Story of Howard the Halt
Hávarðar Saga Ísfirðings

1892 Eiríkr Magnússon and William Morris 
The Story of the Heath Slayings
 Heiðarvíga saga

1891 Eiríkr Magnússon and William Morris
Hen Thorir
Hænsna Þóris Saga

1902 Jón Stéfanssón and William G. Collingwood

The Life and Death of Cormac the Skald


 Kormáks saga

1910 Muriel A.C. Press
Laxdæla Saga
 
Laxdæla saga

 

1882

New Englander and Yale Review, Vol. 41


Folk songs of the Faroe Islands
includes Loka thattur


1873 Jón A. Hjaltalín & Gilbert Goudie
Edited with notes by Joseph Anderson
Orkneyinga saga

1894 George W. Dasent

 
The Orkneyingers' Saga

1866 Sir Edmund Head
Viga-Glum's Saga (Scan)
The Story of Viga-Glúm
(E-Text)  
 Víga-Glúms saga / Víga-Glúms saga

1901 Eiríkr Magnússon and William Morris
The Saga of Viglund the Fair

Víglundar saga

1882 John Coles

The Story of Thórðr Hreða
Þórðar saga hreðu

1971 Herman Pálsson
Hrafkel's Saga and Other Icelandic Stories
 



FORNALDARSÖGUR  NORÞRLANDA
Legendary Sagas of the Northland
  


  
 
 
Texts in Old Icelandic
 
 Fornaldarsögur
Icelandic Texts online at Netutgafan

Fornaldarsögur
Icelandic Texts online at Heimskringla
edited by
Guðni Jónsson & Bjarni Vilhjálmsson

1829-30 Carl Christian Rafn
Fornaldar Sögur Nordrlanda
1829 Volume I   
1829
Volume II  
1830
Volume III
Index of this often-cited collection

1887-89 Valdimar Ásmundarsson
Fornaldarsögur Norðrlanda
1887-88 Volumes 1-2
1889 Volume 3

Fornaldarsögur in Translation

Index of the Complete
Fornaldarsögur Norðurlanda
in English Translation
    
1901 Eiríkr Magnússon

Three Northern Love Stories and Other Tales
The Story Of Gunnlaug The Worm-Tongue
and Raven The Skald
The Story Of Frithiof The Bold
The Story Of Viglund the Fair
The Tale Of Hogni And Hedinn
The Tale Of Roi The Fool 
The Tale Of Thorstein Staff-Smitten  

1923 Nora Kershaw
Stories and Ballads of the Far Past
The Tháttr of Nornagest
The Tháttr of Sörli
The Saga of Hromund Greipsson
The Saga of Hervör and Heithrek

1985 Hermann Pálsson & Paul Edwards
*Seven Viking Romances
Bosi and Herraud
Egil and Asmund
Halfdan Eysteinsson
King Gautrek
Arrow Odd
Thorstein Mansion-Might

  
RESEARCH RESOURCES

Fornaldarsögur Norðurlanda:
A Bibliography of Manuscripts,
Editions, Translations, and Secondary Literature.
Compiled by
M.J. Driscoll & Silvia
Hufnagel
 
 
1912 Halldór Hermannsson
Bibliography of the Mythical-Heroic Sagas

  Islandica Vol. V

Other Genres

Riddarasögur
Knight's Sagas/Romances of Chivalry
 
 Þiðreks saga af Bern
Guðni Jónsson, editor
   
1715 Johan Peringskiold, editor
Wilkinasaga

1815 Friedrich Heinrich von der Hagen, editor
Wilkina- und Niflunga-Saga
 oder Dietrich von Bern und die Nibelungen


 

CHRONICLES AND HISTORIES

Ancient Histories 

The Latin Library

The Internet Medieval Sourcebook

Tacitus, Germania
Translated by Thomas Gordon, 1910

The Works of Tacitus
 Translated by Alfred Church and William Brodribb

Jordanes,
Origin and Deeds of the Goths,
Translated by Charles C. Mierow, 1908

The Gothic History of Jordanes
 Translated by Charles C. Mierow, 1915

Gregory of Tours (539-594):
History of the Franks: Books I-X
Translated by Earnest Brehaut  1916.

Martin of Braga
De Correctione Rusticorum
 
Origio Gentis Langobardorum

Paulus Diaconus
Historia Langobardorum chs. 1-19

with facing Latin text & Origio Gentis Langobardorum ch. 1

Paul the Deacon
, The History of the Longobards
Translated by William D. Foulke 1907 

Einhardi
Vita Karoli Magni
Einhard: The Life of Charlemagne
Translated by Samuel Epes Turner 1880

Widukindus Corbeius
Rerum  gestarum  Saxonicarum
Die Sachsengeschichte des Widukind von Korvei
Edited by Paul Hirsch und Hans E. Lohmann, 1935
 


Rimbert,
Life of Anskar
The Apostle of the North, 801-865

Alucin (735-804)
The Life of Willibrord, c.796
[ch. 15 introduces the god Forsite]

Chronicon Lethrense  [.pdf]
Chronicle of the Kings of Lejre
partial translation

10th century

Rusila of Ibn Fadhlan
presented by the Viking Answer Lady

2010 Peter Jens Schjødt

"Ibn Fadlan's Account of a Rus Funeral:
To What Degree Does it Reflect Norse Myth?"
(Review and Excerpt)


1999 Christine Peel
Gutasaga, The Saga of the Gotlanders
 
2004 Peter Tunstall
Gutarnas Krönika eller Gutasagan
The History of the Gotlanders

 Adam of Bremen
Gesta Hammaburgensis ecclesiae pontificum [in Latin]
***

History of the Arch-Bishops of Hamburg-Bremen

English Translation by Francis Tschan, 1911

 

  
The Danish History of

Saxo Grammaticus


  

Saxo Grammaticus

 Gesta Danorum

1859 Petrus Erasmus Muller

Saxonis Grammatici Historia Danica  

1886 Alfred Holder. editor
Saxonis Grammatici Gesta Danorvm
 
1894 Oliver Elton Translation
The First Nine Books of the
Danish History of Saxo Grammaticus
The First English Translation of Saxo's Work
     
The Danish History of Saxo Grammaticus
with facing Latin

in the Oliver Elton translation
 
*The History of the Danes
Translated by Peter Fisher
with commentary by Hilda Ellis Davidson
 

KING'S CHRONICLES 

Fagrskinna:
The 'Fair Skin' Manuscript

1848 P. A. Munch, C. R. Unger, ed.
Fagrskinna

1903 Finnur Jónsson
Fagrskinna


*2004 Alison Finlay

Fagrskinna: A Catalog of the Kings of Norway

Morkinskinna:
The 'Dark Skin' Manuscript

1932 Morkinskinna
Edited by Finnur Jónsson

*2000 Kari Ellen Gade
Morkinskinna, The Earliest Icelandic
Chronicle of the Norwegian Kings (1030-1157)



 1910 Halldór Hermannsson
Bibliography of the sagas of the kings of Norway
and related sagas and tales


Heimskringla

Snorri Sturluson's
Heimskringla (Old Icelandic)

Carl Christian Rafn

 Oldnordiske Sagær (Old Icelandic)
1826 Volume 1 Kong Olaf Tyggvesons Saga
 1827 Volume 2 Kong Olaf Tyggvesons Saga

1849 R. Keyser & C.R. Unger


 

Olafs saga hins helga



P.A. Munch
Norges kongesagaer

Finnur Jónsson
Norges kongesagaer [Illustrated edition]
Vol. I-II
Vol. III

 

    
1889
Samuel Laing
The Heimskringla
Translated by
edited and revised by Rasmus Björn Anderson

Volume 1
Volume 2
Volume 3

  
1893 Eiríkir Magnussón & William Morris

The Stories of the Kings of Norway
called The Round World

Heimskringla (Saga Library 3-7)
Vol. I
Vol. II
Vol. III
Vol. IV


2011 Alison Finlay and Anthony Faulkes
Heimskringla
Part I
Part II


Heimskringla Scholarship

Olof Sundqvist
"Aspects of Rulership Ideology in Early Scandinavia with particular references to the Skaldic Poem Ynglingatal"

 


ARCHÆOLOGY



Archeological Sites
from the Heathen Era
The Kivik King's Grave
[Photos]
   
 The Cultural Context of the Hochdorf Grave

 
The Hochdorf Grave Goods
 
The Gundestrup Cauldron

 
Ötzi, The Ice-Man

 
1848 Royal Society of Northern Antiquities of Copenhagen
Guide to Northern Archæology


1888 Oscar Montelius

The Civilisation of Sweden in Heathen Times



1890 Paul B. Du Chaillu
The Viking Age
Volume I
Volume II

1892 George H. Boehmer
Prehistoric Naval Architecture
of the North of Europe


1904 Gilbert Goudie

The Celtic and Scandinavian
Antiquities of Shetland

   
VIKING NEWS from
THE VIKING MUSEUM




Evidence of Early Astronomy
 


Peter Krüger's

Germanic Astronomy
An Attempt to Recover the
Old Heathen Constellations of Northern Europe
        

Dr. Christopher E. Johnsen's
Observations in
Eddic Astronomy

   
   1934 Otto Sigfrid Reuter
Germanische Himmelskunde
The Northern Nightime Sky
in Germanic Tradition

A Star-Map


The Nebra Disc Deciphered   

Scandinavian Daymarks:
 Telling Time Without a Clock 

  

Göran Henriksson
The Pagan Great Midwinter Sacrifice
and the ‘Royal’ Mounds at Old Uppsala

 

RUNES

Arild Hauge's Rune Site
A Collection of Runes and Rune Lore

1854 C.C. Rafn

Remarks on a Danish Runic Stone
from the Eleventh Century

1868 George Stephens
The Runic Hall in the Danish
Old-Northern Museum


1877 Eirikr Magnusson
On a Runic Calendar found in Lapland in 1866

1879 Eiríkr Magnússon
Description of a Norwegian Clog-Calendar


1879 Gilbert Goudie
On Rune Inscribed Relics of
the Norsemen in Shetland


1884 George Stephens
Handbook of the Old-Northern
Runic Monuments of Scandinavia and England


1891 Viktor Rydberg
Hjältesagan om Rökstenen
 
or The Heroic Saga on the Rök Stone

1894 George Stephens

The Runes, Whence Came They

1900 Elis Wadstein

The Clermont Runic Casket

 
(i.e. The Franks' Casket)

1910 George Tobias Flom
The Kensington Runestone

1915 Bruce Dickins, ed.
Runic and Heroic Poems of the Old Teutonic Peoples
 
1999 R. I. Page, editor

The Icelandic Rune-Poem

1922 Eric Brate
Sverges Runinskrifter
Sweden's Runic Inscriptions w/illustrations
      

2014 Cypher Runes:
Medieval Text Messaging and Early Encryption


An English Dictionary of Runic Inscriptions
in the Younger Futhark

VIKTOR RYDBERG
Swedish Poet and Scholar
[1828-1895]

 

Viktor Rydberg
The Complete Mythological Works
Including Original Translations of
Teutonic Mythology
(Investigations into Germanic Mythology Vol. I)
—and—
The Sword of Victory
(Segersvårdet)
   
1870 to Present
Over a Century of Scholarship
pertaining to Viktor Rydberg and his work

 Dispelling Disinformation
Exposing the truth behind the internet campaign  
to discredit Viktor Rydberg and his work


I. The Curious Case of
the Mis-Captioned Cartoon:

"The Barbarians Enter the Forum"

II. Rydberg & Racism:

Exposing false allegations of 'Aryan' Racism
and Anti-Semitism perpetrated by internet cults
opposed to Rydberg's mythological thesis.
 

The Viktor Rydberg Society
Viktor Rydberg-sällskapet


Viktor's Site
His Life, His Books, His Face
by Tore Lund
Author of Den trogne smugglaren



ORIGINAL WORKS

 

 William P. Reaves
presents....

The Aesir and the Elves

Ásmegin: Thor's Might
and the Belt of Strength

The Cult of Freyr and Freyja


Freyja's fressa
A car drawn by cats?
    
Going to Hel:
The Consequences of a Heathen Life


Heimdall: Bridging the Gap
 
The Life and Times of
The Guardian of the Gods 
       

Odin's Wife:
Mother Earth in Germanic Mythology
 
Old Norse Cosmology
Images of Yggdrasil and the Nine Worlds
 
Týr the One-Handed:
Who's Your Daddy?
 
Siegfried Goodfellow
presents

Heathen Ranter

Deep Thought About the Old Ways

The Collected Works of Siegfried Goodfellow
Bringing Earth and Sky Together

Now Available

Heiti of the Gods
 
An Interview with Siegfried Goodfellow

A Baldur Blót
by Carla O'Harris with Siegfried Goodfellow

Mats Wendt
presents
 
 

The Complete Norse Mythology
Set to Music
A Symphonic Suite in 158 parts
Over 16 hours of music
 


Web Resources

The Arni Magnusson Institute

Jörmungrund

Septentrionalia. the Medieval North

An extensive collection of source material and scholarship






The Heathen Hoard 

Ásatrúarfélagið
The Icelandic Asatru Fellowship
 
Boudicca's Bard
Click on English, Infocentre, then Asatru
 
Gammall Steinn Hearth


Heathen Books by
Heathen Authors

Your submissions are welcome!

Óðrœrír Heathen Journal

 Dedicated to developing, fostering, and distributing
scholastic literature regarding the reconstruction of the
pre-Christian religious traditions of Northern Europe


The Norroena Society
 
Temple of our Heathen Gods

The Norse Mythology Blog

Articles & Interviews by Dr. Karl E. H. Seigfried
 
   
 
Would you like to see a link to your site here?
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CONTACT INFORMATION
 
To post your works of original scholarship
& links, report errors, or make suggestions
& inquiries —
 Please contact the webmaster

All Donations are appreciated and
will be used to maintain this site.
Thank You For Your Support!

 
 
1893 Odin by Georg C. Rosen

"Hétomk Grímr, hétomk Gangleri,
Herian ok Hiálmberi,
Þekkr ok Þriði,
Þuðr ok Uðr,

Helblindi ok Hár;

46. ‘I am called Battle-mask, I am called Wanderer, War-lord and Helm-bearer, Knowing and Third, Thund and Ud,
Hel-blind and High,

Saðr ok Svipall
ok Sanngetall,

Herteitr ok Hnikarr,
Bileygr, Báleygr,
Bölverkr, Fiölnir,

Grímr ok Grímnir,
Glapsviðr ok Fiölsviðr;

47. ‘Truth and Fleeting, and Truth-getter,
Host-glad, Inciter, Feeble-eye, Blaze-eye, Bale-worker, Hider, Battle-mask and Masked One, Seducer and Much-wise,

Síðhöttr, Síðskeggr,
Sigföðr, Hnikuðr,

Alföðr, Valföðr,
Atríðr ok Farmatýr;

eino nafni
hétomk aldregi,

síz ek með fólkom fór."

48. ‘Drooping hat, Drooping-beard, Victory-father, Egger-on, All-father, Corpse-father, Attacking-rider, Cargo-god, by one name I have never been known, since I fared forth among the folks.'

from Grímnismál 46-48
2011 Andy Orchard Translation

"The eye for our antiquities often merely wants opening"
—Jacob Grimm
© 2010 All Rights Reserved